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Georgia Journal of Science

Article Title

ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF ANTEBELLUM SLAVE QUARTERS AT A PLANTATION SITE IN NORTH GEORGIA

Abstract

In Fall of 2015, previous archaeological research conducted at the Walnut Grove Plantation in Cartersville, GA, was designed to locate the enslaved African quarters that once stood on the property. The methods used in this investigation included archival research, mapping, Phase I shovel testing, metal detecting, and Phase II test units. The aforementioned methodology yielded a robust assemblage of artifacts including nails, brick, stoneware, glass, as well as charcoal and burned brick. According to the past research, this assemblage suggested that structures once stood in the field adjacent to the Walnut Grove Plantation house. The objective of this current research is to continue to search for the slave cabins. As a means of furthering the 2015 investigations, additional methodologies will be incorporated in the investigation. Most notably, Phase III excavation tactics, including backhoe scrapes, will be utilized, in hopes of revealing cultural features, including the stone/brick foundational remains upon which the cabins were built. The search for material evidence pertaining to the enslaved African population of the Walnut Grove Plantation has the potential to reveal information about a group of people who, though often marginalized, played a very distinct role in the history of this region. No funding sources were utilized.

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