VECTOR-HOST INCIDENCE COMPARISON BETWEEN ITS1-ITS2 GENOTYPES OF CYTAUXZOON FELIS IN SOUTH GEORGIA **
Cytauxzoonosis is an infectious disease of felids caused by the protozoan parasite Cytauxzoon felis. Cytauxzoon belongs to the phylum Apicomplexa, order Piroplasmida, and family Theileriidae. Members of this family are tick-transmitted protozoans that exist in erythrocytic and leukocytic stages in their intended hosts. Historically the disease has been thought to be fatal to domestic cats, but recent cases of host survival have been documented. Studies on the genetic variation of the first and second internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS1 and ITS2) of the rRNA genes have identified five genotypes (ITSA, ITSB, ITSC, ITSG, ITSI) associated with varying cytauxzoonosis severity in the bobcat and domestic cat. We will be looking at the incidence of these five genotypes in the ITS1 and ITS2 regions in three hosts of the C. felis lifecycle located in southern Georgia. PCR and gel electrophoresis will be used to test for the presence of Cytauxzoon felis in blood samples from Lynx rufus (bobcat), Felis catus (domestic cat), and the parasite vector Amblyomma americanum (Lonestar tick). After testing for the presence of the parasite in each blood sample, positive samples will be DNA sequenced to identify the specific genotype present.
Dr. Mark S. Blackmore, Dr. Jack M. Lockhart
Rodríguez, Dariana N. and Chambers, Eric W.
"VECTOR-HOST INCIDENCE COMPARISON BETWEEN ITS1-ITS2 GENOTYPES OF CYTAUXZOON FELIS IN SOUTH GEORGIA **,"
Georgia Journal of Science, Vol. 78, No. 1, Article 40.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.gaacademy.org/gjs/vol78/iss1/40