THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INDIGENOUS CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN LOCALIZED CONTEXTS
The professionalization of addressing conﬂict creates a ﬁeld ﬁlled with specialists highly trained to apply modularized and manualized, often evidence-based solutions. But how effective are these professionalized conﬂict management strategies in Indigenous and localized cultural contexts compared to homegrown Indigenous approaches? While instances of these Indigenous peacebuilding and conﬂict management strategies are routine throughout the world, to date, no one has attempted to test which conﬂict management approaches are most effective empirically, nor has the literature sufﬁciently addressed the contexts in which strategies are most helpful. Using multi-dimensional scaling and chi-square tests of independence applied to a similarity matrix of co-occurrences from select Outline of Cultural Materials subjects from the Human Relations Area Files cultural database, this study tests the hypothesis: Indigenous conﬂict management strategies are more effective (i.e., less associated conﬂict) than non-Indigenous conﬂict management strategies in Indigenous contexts. We show that Indigenous conﬂict management approaches co-occur with conﬂict less often than non-Indigenous strategies. From an applied perspective, when we break conﬂict into four discreet types - sociocultural/interpersonal, political, legal/judicial, and economic—Indigenous conﬂict management strategies co-occur most often with socio-cultural types of conﬂicts. The results suggest that Indigenous approaches are more effective in Indigenous contexts overall, while they are most often applied to socio-cultural and interpersonal conﬂicts. Based on our ﬁndings, homegrown solutions effectively manage, resolve, and transform localized conﬂicts.
Lundy, Brandon D.; Collette, Tyler L.; and Downs, J. Taylor
"THE EFFECTIVENESS OF INDIGENOUS CONFLICT MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN LOCALIZED CONTEXTS,"
Georgia Journal of Science, Vol. 80, No. 1, Article 81.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.gaacademy.org/gjs/vol80/iss1/81