LUNG CAPACITY OF ATHLETES AT BREWTON-PARKER COLLEGE AND THE GROWTH AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA
Several causative agents exist for pneumonia; however, the focus of this study was Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. COVID-19 disease has shown coinfection with mainly bacterial community-acquired or nosocomial pneumonia. COVID pneumonia is a lung infection caused by SARS CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Tidal volume (Tv) is an important factor in lung function and can be affected negatively in COVID pneumonia patients. Furthermore, Tv measurements may be higher in trained athletes compared to non-athletes; however, if an athlete is asthmatic, lung capacity can be negatively affected. A two-part study was conducted using cultures of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Gram staining was performed and growth in aerobic and anaerobic conditions was tested as well as antibiotic resistance. Staphylococcus aureus was susceptible to erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, oxacillin, and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim while P. aeruginosa was only susceptible to ciprofloxacin. In the second part of the study, the tidal volume (Tv), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of 59 participants from men and women’s collegiate sport teams were measured using a hand-held spirometer. Results for non-asthmatic females: wrestling had the highest average Tv (583.75mL), softball had the highest average FEV1 (340mL) and FVC 2023mL). Results for asthmatic females: track and field had the highest average Tv (329.17mL), softball had the highest average FEV1 (333.33mL) and FVC (1888.33mL). Results for non-asthmatic males: basketball had the highest average Tv (433.33mL) and FEV1 (283.33mL) and wrestling had the highest average FVC (2429mL). Results for asthmatic males: basketball had the highest average Tv (443.22mL) and FVC (266.67mL) while wrestling had the highest average FEV1 (2541.67mL). Student t-tests were performed and data sets showing significant differences are: track and field female compared to male Tv (t = 0.032465); softball versus baseball FEV1 (t = 0.007164) and lastly male asthmatics versus non-asthmatics - wrestling FVC shows a significant difference (t = 0.004236).
Mays*, Alexia and Peters, Helene
"LUNG CAPACITY OF ATHLETES AT BREWTON-PARKER COLLEGE AND THE GROWTH AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA,"
Georgia Journal of Science, Vol. 81, No. 1, Article 24.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.gaacademy.org/gjs/vol81/iss1/24